REPORT 1
USDA subverts Animal Welfare Act in whistleblower protection case

REPORT 2
Ron Wood's crack-smoking experiments. A case study of waste, fraud and animal abuse

REPORT 3
"Scientific Welfare" needs reform. Wasteful, irrelevant and cruel research underwritten by U.S. tax dollars

REPORT 4
Retaliation Case of
Jan Moor-Jankowski, M.D.

REPORT 5
Top Ten Lies of the Department of Agriculture
In the matter of animal welfare whistleblower - Jan Moor-Jankowski, M.D.

REPORT 6
The History of Medical Progress written by Dr. Ray Greek, Director of the Medical Research Modernization Committee

"If I, an internationally recognized scientist and consultant to heads of state and national academies, couldnot secure protection under federal law, how can U.S. citizens believe thatanyone, let alone younger, lesser-known scientists, dare to oppose scientificmisconduct, animal abuse and the misdeeds of corrupt administrations?"- Jan Moor-Jankowski, M.D.

ACTION is part of Agency's long-standing pattern of failure to uphold the law.

The History of Medical Progress
written by Dr. Ray Greek, Director of the Medical Research Modernization Committee

Introduction | Surgical Advances | Medication Testing in Animals | Curing and Preventing Cancer |Do Animals Feel Pain? | AIDS Research with Animals
Heart Disease | Cardiovascular Disease | Childhood Diseases | Birth Defects

Why do we experiment on animals?
Are they just funny looking people with exactly the same organ tissues and diseases we have? When did all this start?
In the first century, the Church prohibited performing autopsies on humans.So, the scientists did what they thought was the next best thing. Scientistslike Galen dissected animals and applied his results to humans. Galen waswrong in many of the conclusions he derived from animal experiments.
In fact, animal experiments led scientists astray for centuries. Galen thoughtthat the "heart was a warming machine for two separate types of blood.He was convinced veins and arteries were not connected and blood flowedboth backward and forward from the heart." Historians have said thisabout Galen:

"based mainly on the study of apes and pigs, and he unhesitatinglytransferred his discoveries to human anatomy, thus perpetuating many errors."

This misinformation lasted for centuries. Unfortunately, we have not progressedas far as some people think. We are still experimenting on animals, despitethe fact that better techniques are available.

The first big step for medical discoveries was during the Renaissance whenthe Italian scientists and artists began to perform autopsies on humans.This corrected many of Galen's errors. Vesalius was condemned to death bythe Church and had to hide because his discoveries disproved Galen's theories.The Church had adopted Galen's positions and was reluctant to change. Muchas the scientific community of today is reluctant to accept progress.

During the 19th century, many discoveries were made because of human experiments.Harvey described the circulation of the blood. Many have tried to creditHarvey's discovery to animal experiments (or vivisection). Lawson Tait,a famous nineteenth century surgeon, had a rather different impression ofthis part of medical history. He stated:

"That he [Harvey] made any contribution to the facts of the case [bloodcirculation] by vivisection is conclusively disprovedIt is, moreover, perfectlyclear that were it incumbent on anyone to prove the circulation of the bloodas a new theme, it could not be done by any vivisectional process but could,at once, be satisfactorily established by a dead body and an injecting syringe."

Medical discoveries were rampant during the 19th century. The stethoscope,blood pressure manometer, microscopes and a host of others were all discoveredwithout animal experiments. This had not dissuaded people who earn theirlivelihood from making the claim that animal experiments were vital to thesediscoveries. If you made your livelihood off experimenting on animals, youwould have a vested interest in saying the same thing.

Animal experiments really took off in the 19th century, largely due to theefforts of Claude Bernard. He had this to say about laboratory experimentson animals:

"Experiments on animals, with deleterious substances or in harmfulcircumstances, are very useful and entirely conclusive for the toxicityand hygiene of man. Investigations of medicinal or of toxic substances alsoare wholly applicable to man from the therapeutic point of view; for asI have shown, the effects of these substances are the same on man as onanimals, save for difference in degree."
"I consider hospitals only as the entrance to scientific medicine;they are the first field of observation which a physician enters; but thetrue sanctuary of medical science is a laboratory; only there will he seekexplanations of life in the normal and pathological states by means of experimentalanalysis.
"In leaving the hospital, a physicianmust go on into his laboratory;and there, by experiments on animals, he will account for what he has observedin his patients, whether about the actions of drugs or about the originof morbid lesions in organs and tissues. There, in a word, he will achievetrue medical science."

That is an amazing statement. Animals are more like humans than humans.Unfortunately for patients today, scientists still believe the preposterouswords of this man.

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